Category Archives: Industry & Manufacturing

Offshore Drilling: How are economic activities distributed globally?

The global oil supply is vanishing. With this fact not exactly being a secret, it is easy to see why the developed nations of the world are trying to find any source of oil they can. There is an empire of technology and development that relies on it for fuel, and there isn’t a replacement, yet. One method, that has been debated in the USA for years, for obtaining new supplies is offshore drilling. Offshore drilling can create new jobs and cheaper oil, but at the risk of spoiling the ocean habitats where the drilling will take place.

On one side of the argument, there is the matter of the USA relying on oil from other nations. As William Jasper wrote in his article, “No other nation in the world prohibits development of its offshore energy. But, incredibly, federal prohibitions on OCS drilling over the past 25 years have caused the United States to send trillions of dollars to overseas oil producers and have jeopardized our national security by making us dangerously dependent on foreign energy sources,” (Jasper par. 4). Jasper continues with a plan to give each coastal state the power to govern its own waters. This would allow the states to decide for or against offshore drilling. While this may seem logical, the truth is that humanity will eventually have to peel away from its dependence on oil. Any method to acquire oil is simply a stop gap until the day it runs out. With that in mind, it hardly makes sense to drill when it puts ocean habitats at risk.

Conversely, in Alaska, and many other polar regions, oil companies have been allowed to explore whatever options for drilling they can find. With Global Climate change becoming an increasingly pertinent issue, Margaret Williams believes these expeditions into the Arctic are the precursor to a major oil spill (Williams par. 11). Williams refers to a lack in response abilities to spills in these Arctic zones as a major cause for worry. If a large oil corporation were to have a spill, even in Alaska, the damage would most likely be done by the time they had cleared the spill. Earth is already losing species to Global Climate Change, but this increases the odds dramatically.

Offshore drilling would only provide the United States with small benefits, and it would take years for the average person to see them. It is a highly risky practice that involves giving jobs to a large part of Americans, but at the potential cost of the extinction of entire species. The most confusing part about the issue is that it is still being discussed. Offshore drilling is simply not a solution and should not be advertised as one.

Works Cited

Jasper, William F. “Offshore Drilling Will Create Jobs and Help the Economy.” Offshore Drilling. Ed. Margaret Haerens. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2010. Opposing Viewpoints. Rpt. from “Lifeblood from the Ocean Floor: The Lame-Duck Congress Has the Opportunity to Tackle U.S. Dependence on Foreign Oil and Save Hundreds of Billions of Dollars and Millions of Jobs with a Deep-Ocean Drilling Bill.”The New American (11 Dec. 2006). Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 4 Dec. 2013.

Williams, Margaret. “Offshore Drilling in Alaska Should Be Limited.”Offshore Drilling. Ed. Margaret Haerens. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2010. Opposing Viewpoints. Rpt. from “Offshore Drilling in Alaska: Time to Slow the Rush.” Yale Environment 360. 2008. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 4 Dec. 2013.

Reviewed by:

Jacob Standafer
Oren Paisner
Jennah Reiman

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60 years of stardom: The global spread of an Israeli staple.

 

          Since its invention in 14th century China, the firearm has seen a long and intensive evolutionary process.  Various countries and settlements have vied for the best technology and design.  One particular offering, the Israeli-designed UZI submachine gun, stands out from many others for both its superior design and reliability.  While the UZI enjoyed its status as a military staple in its country of origin, it soon made an impact far beyond its Israeli borders, permeating military, law-enforcement, and security markets across the world.

          After the Israeli Independence War in 1949, the Israeli Defense Force was in search of an improved standard-issue rifle.  Two separate weapons engineers competed for the winning model, resulting in the first edition of the UZI.  The UZI was designed by Uziel Gal, and the model rapidly became loved for its low assembly cost, small number of parts, and above all, its surprising accuracy.  After extensive field testing, it began to emerge in 1954.  It did not stay exclusive to Israel for long, catching the eye of many international firearms communities.  In the 1960s, the UZI was licensed to be produced by Fabrique Nationale d’Herstal, the largest exporter of  military arms in Europe.

          During the Six-Day War in 1967, Israeli forces soundly defeated the armies of Egypt, Jordan and Syria, taking control of the Gaza Strip, the Sinai Peninsula, the West Bank, East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights.  Under the military brilliance of the Israeli Defense Force, the UZI was solidly put on the map for both the IDF and the world at large.  It was in this war that the UZI first showcased its close-range firepower and its ability to withstand the most adverse of conditions.  From that time on, the world took greater notice of the weapon and its capabilities, and it was eventually exported to 90 separate countries.

           Today, with its 60 plus years in history as one of the most accurate and reliable submachine guns ever seen, the UZI has made its mark far beyond Israel or even Europe, but across the globe at large.  It has been idealized in action movies and created a stir due to its presence at the attempted assassination of President Ronald Reagan in 1981.  More importantly, the UZI has remained an international staple from the superiority of its design and performance, continuing to set the bar for what high gun-quality should be.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sources Cited:

Israeli Weapons Industries. 2005.

CampCo Inc. 2013.

vBulletin Solutions, Inc. Suarez International USA, Inc. 2013.

18dao.net. November 9th, 2009.

The Specialists Ltd. 2011.

McNab, Chris. The UZI Submachine Gun. Osprey Publishing, November 22, 2011.

McManners, Hugh. Ultimate Special Forces. New York, DK Publishing. 2003.

 

 

Edited by:

Priscilla

Oren Paisner

Kyra Binaxas

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The Slow Increase of Climate Change

By Nathaniel Lee

                The climate of Earth is a very intense mix of different sorts of weather, that range from simple rain storms to massive hurricanes. We as humans have coped with countless weather changes. Tornadoes, droughts, blizzards, and floods, and large amounts of rainfall are normal weather patterns to us. Recently however, it has been said that these normal weather patterns are starting to become more intense, and are lasting for a longer duration. Scientists theorize that global warming could be the cause of these changes in weather. Global warming can be the very cause that begins a climate change that can cause weather of drastic proportions.

Global warming is caused by the building up of various greenhouse gases within our atmosphere, particularly carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide. These gases are trapped within the atmosphere of Earth. The sun’s infrared rays are able to penetrate into our atmosphere, warming the planet. These rays are then are trapped in by the gases, creating the problems of high heat waves, and eventually with too much build up, climate change. Polar ice caps have helped in these times of high heat, but are now melting at an alarming rate, causing a rise in water within our oceans. The rise of water is already starting to flood onto various islands, engulfing them underwater. The simple buildup of gases in our atmosphere from our cars and industries are starting to cause permanent, irreversible, harmful damage to our environment, as well as ourselves.

Bill Patzert, a climate scientist that works for NASA, explained that our climate is already beginning to change. Due to global warming, heat waves are becoming bigger, and last in longer duration. Evidence of droughts are at an all-time high, and storms are beginning to become more intense. Bill explained that the weather right now is not much different than in the past, and the changes we are seeing are not drastic yet, but the weather will start increasing in a very quick rate if the Earth continues to warm up.

Even if we could survive the changes within the climate, or most important sources could be depleted. Due to the high heat waves, many fields in which we get our everyday food are no longer able to grow. The land is becoming dry, making it very difficult, if not impossible, to plant crops without them dying at a very early stage. The droughts are also drying up our sources of water, and we are simply hoping that the next summer will bring us plenty of water from numerous storms.

At a global scale, emission gases must be reduced in order to at least halt the rise of these greenhouse gases. If we do not, the consequences could be very hurtful to where we live and what we survive on. This all happened, and will continue to happen, because of the global rise in various harmful chemicals that fuel our transportations and factories. These chemicals will continue to blow into our atmosphere by smoke stacks, due to the increase in production in order to meet customer demand within the product industry. Climate change is already beginning to happen, and steps must be taken before we bring our own end.

Edited by:

Jennah Reiman

Shae Kovalchick

Jacob Standafer

Sources

Gillis, Justin. “Climate Change Seen Posing Risk to Food Supplies”. New York Times. 1 Nov. 2013. Web. 1 Dec. 2013.

Goddard. “Ask A Climate Scientist- Extreme Weather and Global Warming”. NASA. Youtube.com. 8 Nov. 2013. Web. 1 Dec. 2013.

Ostro, Stu. “My Climate Change”. The Weather Channel. Web. 1 Dec. 2013.

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The Future of Technology: The Beginning or the End?

By Nathaniel Lee

                Technology has become a new dominate industry in many parts of the world today. Within the United States, many every day Americans cannot go a single day without a cell phone, not only used to connect with others, but is now a device with the ability to access any information on the global web. Motor Vehicles are now a dominant form of transportation to any place, as well as planes for long distances. For entertainment, video games and movies are the main source. The list of new technology today goes on and on, and practically is now the foundation of our very lives. Technology gives us all many benefits and conveniences we could ever want, but is not good thing for us as a race to rely on all these various devices for everything.

Today, our industries are run by countless electronics. Current security is now built off of a highly technical system. Trucks get to destinations by the use of satellite maps, tracked by another program in order to keep up to date of their current location. Stores rely on programs in order to keep up with the countless changing of pricing on a daily basis. Another program is used to keep track of the store’s current inventory, in order to always have products on the shelves. Machines are used to speed up the process of making products, in order to match the current demand of the everyday consumer. As far as the current industry in the United States, technology has made it very easy to keep up to date with the demand of customers, and brings ease to workers who carry out tasks with the help of these various programs and devices. An everyday American greatly benefits from this technology, and is clearly seen of those constantly using their phones for they are capable of practically everything, such as entertainment at the touch of a screen.

In the last fifteen years, the evolution of electronics has skyrocketed, making countless improvements to countless devices throughout a single year. The demand continues to increase, every individual wanting more. Every time Apple comes out with a new iPhone or iPad, many are more than willing to throw out a perfectly good device in order to gain access to a new device that does just a little bit more. An average American now wants more at each waking moment, and is willing to pay thousands in order to get the new update versions of various devices. On “Black Friday” every year, when prices of all sorts of electronics drop, thousands rush into stores for a new electronic, and are willing to seriously hurt others in order to satisfy their craving for a new device.

Technology has made everything highly convenient, but has also corrupted many individuals’ minds, constantly wanting more despite the electronics they already have. What if a day comes when our technology fails, and we have no access to anything? Industries would crash, resulting in the quick drop in distribution of food, water, and products across the states. An entire technology crash is rather far-fetched, but is something we must keep in our minds so if situations come into play in the future, we are prepared to live without our cell phones, or rely on cars, planes, and buses for transportation. Backing away from technology wouldn’t hurt, and would maybe help us realize the insanity it is for people to hurt thousands of individuals every year just for a new product. Technology can very well be a great beginning for a stable future, but can also quickly be our end, if we choose to let it.

Edited by:

Emily Flora

Shae Kovalchick

Jacob Standafer

Sources

The Associated Press. “A Rise in Technology Keeps the Market Ahead”. New York Times. 13 Aug. 2013. Web. 19 Nov. 2013.

Rainie, Lee. “Cell phone ownership hits 91% of Adults”. Pew Research Center. 6 June 2013. Web. 19 Nov. 2013.

Pappas, Stephanie. “Black Friday Psychology: Why We Go Mad for Deals”. 24 Nov. 2010. Live Science. Web. 19 Nov. 2013.