Category Archives: Folk Culture

Does Migrating Change People?

Susana Gallegos
Alex Bullen
Human Geography
December 2, 2013
            Does Migrating Change People?
            I was fifteen when my father got a job on the other side of the border, the United States. I was very comfortable living in Agua Prieta, Sonora Mexico. I never really realized that moving to another country was going to impact my life as much as it has done. Migrating changed my lifestyle: culture and way of thinking. Migration has an impact on an individual, but would it impact an individual enough to change her life? In this essay I will explain my personal migration impact.
            The text book The Cultural Landscape, describes interregional migration as “The movement from one region of a country to another…Main type of interregional migration has been from rural to urban areas in search of jobs”. My father obtained a job as a Presbyterian pastor in South Carolina. I was still in high school in Agua Prieta. When my mother and father told me we were moving, I never thought of all the changes I was going to go through, not even when I was saying good bye to my friends.
            When I started high school in Greenville, SC I realized how different education was. First of all, throughout public schools in Mexico all the way through high school, students are required to wear uniforms. I knew before that in American high school you did not have to wear uniforms. Being able to wear “regular clothes” to school was fun, until I realized how much money my parents have to spend buying clothes for me to wear to school, more than they used to it in Mexico. According to Stacy Zeiger, in her article “Statistics in School Uniform” the author explains that wearing uniform has academic, behavioral, emotional and financial effects. Looking at the financial effects Stacy Zeigers mentions that uniforms can be expensive. I agree with the author. Yes uniforms can be expensive, but one can buy two and can last a year or longer, it ends up being more economic.
            Culture was shocking, especially moving to the South of the USA. Southerners seem to have their own kind of language, especially African-American people. The food was different, personally some of them were tasteless, but after a while I got use to some of it. Mexican food is rich in flavor, so it took some time to get use to the flavors of Southern food, which I learn to really enjoy it and to avoid grits.
            I have been in the United States for eight years now. I have got use to the language and the ways of living. I still celebrate the special holidays that are typically from Mexico, as well as the Americans. I still know who I am, but I am grateful to live in the United States. I miss my family and friends from Mexico, even thou they sometimes make fun of me because I am “Americanized” It does not matter. In a way I am a little more cultured in the border subject, and I am happy with that.
Rubenstein, James M. “Folk and Popular Culture.” Cultural Landscape.                                                      Harlow:Pearson Education Limited, 2014. Print.
Stacy Zeiger. “Statistics on School Uniforms.” LoveToKnow. N.p., n.d.                              Web. 02 Dec. 2013

Folk Culture in Spain.

Jacob Standafer

Pop culture in Spain

Pop culture can derive from many places throughout the world. The question is how did the pop culture spread, and who were its ancestors. The country of Spain is full of heritage that has derived from many places and ideas. In this paper I want to explore a little piece of Spain’s popular culture and how it has became what it stands for today. How did Spanish pop culture derive, and how much of its roots are embedded throughout Spain? These are some questions that will be discussed throughout this paper.

Spain’s European culture is very intriguing to me. I’ve never traveled there, but I have always wanted to see the beautiful architecture and amazing culture these people have to offer its tourist and inhabitants. Spain’s pop culture has derived from many places, and has a very distinct look when your examining it, one that not many other countries seem to have.  Most of the Pop culture in todays Spain had derived many years ago and basically has stuck ever since. Spain’s customs had a huge influence from pre Roman culture, and also the Iberians and Celts played a significant role in Spain’s Pop culture today. On a side note, seventy nine percent of all Spanish inhabitants are Roman Catholic, two percent remain another religious faith, and nineteen percent remain non religious. Rather this has any effect on Spanish pop culture today, it’s up in the air, however I do believe it shows the majority has stuck with the Roman Catholic church, which in turns makes me feel that Spaniards are loyal to their heritage as well as their country.

Spanish traditions are known widely among the world for their authentic appearance. In the image above you can clearly see a Spaniard in his traditional Bull fighting attire and this attire is full of vibrant colors that maybe display symbolism from his home town or for a certain cause. Bull fighting is one of the oldest tradition in Spain and has remained significant part of Spanish pop culture today. Bull fighting is a huge controversy anywhere else in the world, but in Spain its definitely apart of their cultural heritage and will forever posses a significant role in Spanish pop culture.  Another event that takes place in Spanish Pop culture is running with the Bulls. Ever since I became an adrenaline junky this event has appealed to me the most.  Although some may consider Bullfighting a sport, the main sport that most Spaniards stick to is football.  Among some of the more respectable teams remains Atlético de Madrid, FC Barcelona. Many people travel to Spain to watch this football (soccer) take place and so I’ve heard its quite a show.

The arts are remaining widely diverse in Spanish pop culture; however there is some that has stayed true from the beginning. The flamenco guitar, dance, song have stayed true to Spain and will forever be an idealized icon for people looking at Spanish traditional music. Gypsisies were credited for the birth of flamenco dance, and this is a wonderful event that stands true for Spanish pop culture as well.  This tradition Spanish art form has had a huge influence on other types of music as well, which includes Bossa nova, jazz, and salsa music.

To conclude this paper on Spanish pop culture I want to let be known that I respect Spain’s customs to the fullest. Not only do Spanish people remain true to their pop culture, but they have stayed loyal to their country and have kept their pop culture alive by staying loyal. In many countries today you tend to see a lot of forgotten traditions, arts, and fashions thrown away or tossed to the side, but not in Spain. So whether you’re going to run with the bulls or just enjoy a tapa, Spain’s pop culture remains favored among the many.

Works Cited

Seventeen Year Old El Juli BullfightingflamencoEP_spain_map

Aborigines’ Folk Culture.

Jacob Standafer


Australia obtains a folk culture, that I feel is not explored enough. Aborigines make up 2 percent of Australia’s population. The recent government statistics say that there are around four hundred thousand aborigines located in Australia. In this paper we will explore the depths of the Aborigine people, and how they have survived their folk culture over the years. Throughout the years of the Aborigines folk culture, they have strived to stay loyal to their land, giving back to their land, while also adapting to the changes around their environment.

“We cultivated our land, but in a way different from the white man. We endeavored to live with the land; they seemed to live off it. I was taught to preserve, never to destroy.”
Aborigine Tom Dystra


                Over thirty thousand years ago, Aborigines migrated from Asia. Like Native Americans, the Aborigines are comprised of tribes or groups if you will. Although these “groups” are their own entity, they do possess many unifying traits.  Among these are traits that tie the aborigines to the land, tribal culture of storytelling and art, also a troubled colonial history. Australia’s indigenous culture is the oldest surviving culture known to man, dating back to at least fifty to sixty five thousand years ago. Most argue that the prominent reason that the Aborigines have survived for so long is their ability to adapt and change over long periods of time.  Australia. Gov produced an article called “Australian Indigenous Cultural Heritage.” In this article explains the heritage through a lens that somebody not of this culture can understand. In the Article it states “In Australia, Indigenous communities keep their cultural heritage alive by passing their knowledge, arts, rituals and performances from one generation to another, speaking and teaching languages, protecting cultural materials, sacred and significant sites, and objects.”

Land remains among one the most important things for the Aboriginal people. It’s not just some soil or rocks, but they view their surrounding environment that sustains and is sustained by people and their culture. For the indigenous people their land is the heart of all spirituality. All of the Aboriginal people were hunters and gatherers and each clan had their own territory. From this territory the Aboriginals were able to meet their tribal needs and provide. The “territories” were defined by geographical boundaries such a rivers, lakes, or mountains. Usually the National Parks and Wildlife service programs work with the Aboriginal communities to make sure that the involvement with aboriginal people is seen as respect, cultural awareness, and a contribution to the land around them.

In the aboriginal world tools and implements tend to reflect the location of different aboriginal groups geographically.  An example of this would be that costal tribes use fishbone for weapon tips and tribe from the desert use stone to tips their weapons. Although tools varied among certain groups, they all had knives, spears, vessels, and axe heads. This leads into the Aboriginal people being know for the founder of stone technology. Aborigines introduced “ground edges” on cutting tools, thus allowing the Aborigines to grind seed. Also they are widely known for using tools to make other tools, preparing meals and skinning hides from various animals.

Lastly The indigenous people from Austrialia are really connected to their dreams. The Aborigines believe that the dream world connects them to past and present. They also believe the world was created from their ancestors came to the earth in spirit form and created plants, animals, people, and relations among all of these various creations. After they were done they turned into trees, stars, rocks, watering holes, and other sacred places. This is one of the main reasons the Aborigines preserve the land.

Works Cited

  • “” Australian Indigenous Cultural Heritage. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2013.
  • Infoplease. Infoplease, n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2013.


Ellie Strandguist

Jason Miller

Araeli Garcia

Nathan Lee


Folk Culture: The Amish.


Shae Kovalchick

Geo 106

It would seem Folk Culture is slowly being filtered out in favor of Popular Culture. The old ways and traditions are for the average person just outdated and no longer all that relevant. How has the Folk Culture that remained stayed around? How exactly is it spreading and is it in dangerous of being extinguished? I’m going to take a look specifically at the Amish, how they’ve spread and how they’ve adapted to still living their lifestyle in modern society.

The Amish derive from the Anabaptists of the 16th century. They were basically a religious group that turned away from the catholic teachings in favor of their own practices. This did not go over well with the Catholics who viewed them as heretics. A lot of them died back then in Europe for their beliefs, as most were very non-violent, and they were under religious persecution for quite some time.

This religious persecution was in large part the reason some many Amish left Europe in favor of the United States. The US was seen as a symbol of freedom and a land where they could practice their faith in peace. They came in waves after waves with certain time periods being very stagnant. These periods were the War of 1812 and the American Civil war when immigration became a lot more dangerous. For the most part the Amish constantly flooded out of Europe as fast as they could though. The ones that remained lost their identity due to them being so little in number that their traditions couldn’t really be kept alive. In 1937 the final Amish church merged with another religion and the European Amish were no more.

The Amish spread fast but didn’t go all that far west as evident in the map of their communities above. The answer to the way the Amish have kept their own folk culture alive is rooted in the folk culture itself. It’s very strict and very family and community oriented. They do not concern themselves much with other people outside of their communities. A key point in their culture is to actually separate themselves from other people, from worldly sin. It’s almost as if they’ve locked themselves away in a culture bubble, and because that bubble is so strong due to their values it hasn’t really burst. They don’t really bother anyone else and they’re all so close together and tight knit that for the most part people don’t really have much of a reason to bother them either.

That’s slowly changing though; the Amish are adapting some more modern culture but at the same time still staying true to their roots. For example while they still all reject traditional electricity for power for the most part, some Amish have adapted to using things like solar power. It’s a way of progressing in some form, while still maintaining their folk culture. Tourism has also been a bit of a problem in more modern times. Tourism brings in business and helps their economy, but tourists also bring in more modern culture and breaks down a bit of the bubble the Amish have built around themselves.

In conclusion the Amish spread because they had too, they are not a violent people and they just ran to a place where they could practice in peace. They have remained immune from modern culture because of their values both in terms of religion and their sense of community. I wonder if the bubble they’ve built around themselves will ever burst? I suppose only time will tell.




Work Cited:
Exploring Amish Country. “Amish History Is A Story Of Struggle And Faith.” Amish History. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Nov. 2013.
Parrillo, Lia. “The Amish.” Lewis Historical Society. N.p., 9 May 2010. Web. 29 Nov. 2013.


Edited by:
Emily Flora, Jessica Silverstri, Jacob Standafer.

Native American Gaming.

Jennah Reiman

Prof. Bullen

GEO 106-101

11 Dec. 2013

Article #3

Native American Gaming

            Along with ethnicity, comes distinct cultural traditions that define and differentiate various ethnicity groups.  Key elements of human culture are distributed across the globe alongside the ethnicities that uphold them.  Native Americans have strong traditions around playing games, and this aspect has followed their distribution.  In Oklahoma, Indian reservations are full of casinos owned by those with Cherokee, Navajo, Arapaho and many other Native American ethnicities. The distribution of ethnicity leads to the distribution of key elements of their culture such as gambling in the Native American culture.

Since the beginning of time gambling has been a large part of culture to those falling into the category of ethnic tribes in the Native American race.  They practiced two kinds of gambling games, according to the Santa Ynes Band of Chumash Indians they played, “games that required skill to play and games of chance”.  They went on to explain that, “our ancestors often gambled on the outcome of the games. Each village had a special area, called malamtepupi, where games were played” (History of Native American Gaming).  After the Civil War many Native Americans were forced from their homes and into reservations.  A large percentage of these natives still live on reservations, which have a high volume of casinos.  According to a writer for the National Bureau of Economic Research, Linda Gorman, “half of the Indians on or near reservations now belong to tribes that have opened Las Vegas-style casinos” (Gorman).  The more Native Americans in a location, tends to lead to a greater amount of casinos in the area.

In America, there is a higher population of Native Americans in the states on the South Western coast as well as the states near the great lakes.  When looking at the distribution of Native American casinos, it seems to follow the same trend.  Gaming is a key element many tribes that consider to be Native American, casinos reflect this as the distribution of these facilities follow the distribution of the population.

Edited by: Emily Flora, Jacob Ttandafer, and Jessica Silvestri

Works Cited

“History of Native American Gaming.” History of Native American Gaming. Santa Ynez Band of Chumash Indians, 2009. Web. 30 Nov. 2013.

Gorman, Linda. “The Social and Economic Impact of Native American Casinos.” The Social and Economic Impact of Native American Casinos. National Bureau of Economic Research, n.d. Web. 1 Dec. 2013.


Development through cultural beliefs.

Emily Flora

Alex Bullen

Nov 17, 2013

Human Geography

Development through cultural beliefs

Development in a country can be based on several things such as economy, population, and discrimination. One contribution that isn’t often mentioned is how the development is distributed based on its culture. Culture can affect the development on how the country increases its economy, how it develops through times, and low life for its citizens is improved. Culture is described as the totality of socially transmitted behavior patterns, arts, beliefs, institutions, and all other products of human work and thought. Countries like Iraq, Iran, India, North and South Korea, Mexico, and China that have strong cultural beliefs throughout their traditions can prevent them from developing their country more than countries with less cultural beliefs such as the United States.

Certain cultural beliefs can prevent certain countries from becoming more developed.  For example, in Iraq woman aren’t able to work throughout the country. This is because their culture believes that women should be at home working on the home, raising the kids, and keeping the husband happy. With the women not in the work force the economy in the country can’t expand as much, thus effecting the development because it can’t afford to become more developed. In several ways the country can be affected more than just the development, with the women not working it makes the family income lower increasing the poverty rate. With only one income in a family, it is typically hard for families to provide as easily as if there were two incomes in the home.

In the United States, however, the cultural beliefs are looser than the other countries whose are strict. For example in the United States although they have a kind of general set of cultural norms that are mild. Because the United States culture is loose, it is more developed because it can expand and make the economy better, also making development better. This is because when a country has very strong cultural beliefs it often find itself stuck in the past and not moving forward with the times. One example is Japan, whose cultural beliefs are very strong in some villages and cities, is like a step back into time where everything is very traditional and how it’d be 20 years ago. And this prevents the country to grow with the times with technology, agriculture, and social standings between the other countries of the world.

Culture would improve the development of a country, because if the belief was that women couldn’t work, and they would start to work the economy would also improve and thus it would make the development increase and the standard of living would be better for the people. Culture would also improve the country not only by having the country expand its economy within the country.It would also increase tourism, which would have an impact on the culture by getting more cultural views. An example would be San Francisco, CA several years ago San Francisco was a town for the hippies of the 60’s now with the tourism that travels through , it is one of the top vacation stops in the country and one of the most expensive.

Based on how the beliefs in a country are if they are really strict or if they are loose the United States can affect the countries development. Wither it’s how strict the culture is that can ultimately damaging the country, how in other countries with their culture is less strict and its helps their development, and how specifically how if their culture would improve the country. Although there are several aspects that can affect how a country develops however culture has several effects on development that can be hard to be dictated as a contributor to how a country develops.

       Work cited

“Cultural and Social Factors That Affect development.” Make Wealth History. Make Wealth History, n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2013.

Francis. “The Role of Culture in Economic Development.” The Role of Culture in Economic Development. Micronesian Seminar, June 2009. Web. 18 Nov. 2013.


Cartoon. Mommy Life, n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2013. <;.

“Discrimination in Social Institutions.” Map. Huffington Post. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2013. <;.

N.d. Photograph. San Francisco. Web. 18 Nov. 2013. <×471.jpg&gt;

Reviewed by:

Sam oliver

Oren Painser

Alex Gerwig


cult1 cult2 cult3

The Sharing of Cultures

By Nathaniel Lee

                Every culture has a beginning; every civilization that has ever lived on the face of the Earth has had a starting place in which they learned to live and grow accustomed to the environment they were born into. From these various groups and societies grew beliefs of religions, traditions and customs that made each civilization unique. Each of those civilizations held strong to these traditions, all up until the day they realized they were not the only civilizations living on Earth. The mixing of traditions is what made our world what it is today, but was it a good thing that we all mixed together? It has taken us thousands of years for the human race to begin accepting other cultures religions, beliefs, traditions, and ethnicities. We fought, discriminated, killed, and tortured simply on arrogance that we thought our culture’s traditions and beliefs were the only true beliefs. The mixing of all our cultures create either a universal possibility of understanding, or the inevitable extinction of our original ideas, traditions, and beliefs.

We have taken many good things from other cultures. Because we now know what everybody prefers to belief, or what culture you come from, we can start to understand what other cultures are all about, why they believed what they did, and what made them live the way they did. The geography, or region, made a huge impact on individual cultures, showing today what they choose to eat, how they obtain their food, and why they choose certain traditions. A good example would be the various tribes of the Native Americans, who were very close to nature, so all of their cultural roots were based on things from nature. Medicine and healing beliefs, (such as the dream catcher) came off faith of the environment around them, and constantly moved in order to follow where their food went, for the buffalo was their main source of food, clothing, and housing. This made the buffalo a sacred animal to them. This makes us understand why they believe what they believe, and do the actions they do. Understanding every culture that was on Earth gives us a well-rounded knowledge of society.

Unfortunately, sharing our cultures has also caused our race some repercussions. Some traditions are on the brink of extinction, for many have clashed in order to get rid of the act. The Massiah tribe in Kenya is one of many tribes who are very close to extinction, for their traditions are no longer practiced, their language is rarely spoken, and have been secluded to small areas, making it difficult for them to live. Just like tribes, many languages are now extinct, or are well on their way. This leaves our world with very few specific regional languages, and is quickly moving toward a single dominant universal language. Despite how convenient a world language would be, we would have to accept that we lost many pieces of our original cultures along the way. Even today, we share practically everything, with a few exceptions. We are all starting to live in a similar culture, relying too much on technology, and quickly raising our population, creating the issue of supply and demand, and how it will someday be impossible to match. Because of this, we are also blinded to see the problems around us, ignoring what can be devastating to our lives later down the road. If we all lose our original traditions, cultures, and languages, we will not only lose the ability to even know who we are, but condemn ourselves to extinction when these world problems we have ignored too long rise up for the final blow. The picture above shows the current dominance of the industries across the world, showing how they have greatly impacted all cultures today.

We have benefits in sharing cultures, it is what builds up our economies, and makes us who we are today. However, precaution is required, for we can share, but not lose, where we came from. A Universal culture can be nice, but also be the end of our race as we know it. Stick to our origins, and our endings will be just as peaceful as the beginning.

Edited by:

Jenna Reiman

Ellie Strandquist

Samuel Oliver


“How has Globalization Caused a Loss of Culture.” Morocco World News. 25 Oct. 2011. Web. 15 Nov. 2013.

Pinar. “Powerful Portrait of Secluded Cultures on the Brink of Extinction.” My Modern Met. 5 Nov. 2013. Web. 15 Nov. 2013.

Al-Khatib, Talal. “After Columbus: Native American Traditions Alive Today.” Discovery. 14 Oct. 2013. Web. 15 Nov. 2013.